Most of the times the term technology is not commonly associated with farming but actually there is a lot of tech in farming. As it is said, necessity is the mother of invention hence technology has sought to fill in the gaps in farming.
Necessity and Invention in Agriculture
From the use of irrigation in antiquity to the invention of the cotton gin and mechanical reaper in the mid-19th century, farmers have a long history of harnessing and benefiting from technology. The Green Revolution introduced new technologies, including higher yielding varietal crops, to the developing world, and now genetically engineered plants that are herbicide tolerant make up the majority of U.S. soybean crops. Average yields — the amount of a crop produced per unit area planted — around the globe skyrocketed in the second half of the 20th century, increasing by roughly 2 percent per year, in no small part because of a combination of technological
The world’s population is expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050. In order to meet this growing demand, yields must increase by as much as 25 percent during the next 35 years. This improvement must occur at a time when access to limited resources, such as land and water, is decreasing. In order to remedy the discrepancy, the agricultural industry will once again adapt through the use of new technologies. The incorporation of robotics and other automated technology will be vital to improving yields and to maintaining profit margins in the coming years and decades.
The internet is a product of technology.it has resulted in the flow of useful information to all corners of the world. This includes even farming information. Farmers are able to interact, share ideas and see what is the latest news in all things agriculture.
Farmers are looking for information to help them grow more with fewer resources and less environmental impact. The “Internet of Things” — in the form of cheap sensors to measure water and soil composition — could help them do that. You’d have to work hard to make a breakthrough improvement on the smartphone at this point. But it’s a lot easier to improve farms, since farmers are still using distinctly analog methods to understand what’s going on in their fields — like burying blocks of gypsum in the ground to measure their soil moisture.
So far, better information has given farmers better yields, because that’s the main thing they are measuring. But with cheap sensors, better information could allow farmers to use water and fertilizers more efficiently. That means higher profits and less waste — less erosion, less fertilizer in the lakes and rivers, less water use. Cheap sensors could help farmers build up their soil and open a treasure trove of data on carbon fluxes — allowing us to better understand which practices sequester greenhouse gases in the ground and which release them into the air.
All this data could also provide traceability for consumers: Imagine scanning a barcode on a loaf of bread with your smartphone and learning if the land that produced your wheat was producing or capturing carbon.